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Anydataset Database Relational abstraction. Anydataset is an agnostic data source abstraction layer in PHP.

See more about Anydataset here.


  • Connection based on URI
  • Support and fix code tricks with several databases (MySQL, PostgresSql, MS SQL Server, etc)
  • Natively supports Query Cache by implementing a PSR-6 interface
  • Supports Connection Routes based on regular expression against the queries, that's mean a select in a table should be executed in a database and in another table should be executed in another (even if in different DB)

Connection Based on URI

The connection string for databases is based on URL.

See below the current implemented drivers:

Database Connection String Factory
Sqlite sqlite:///path/to/file getDbRelationalInstance()
MySql/MariaDb mysql://username:password@hostname:port/database getDbRelationalInstance()
Postgres psql://username:password@hostname:port/database getDbRelationalInstance()
Sql Server (DbLib) dblib://username:password@hostname:port/database getDbRelationalInstance()
Sql Server (Sqlsrv) sqlsrv://username:password@hostname:port/database getDbRelationalInstance()
Oracle (OCI) oci://username:password@hostname:port/database getDbRelationalInstance()
Oracle (OCI8) oci8://username:password@hostname:port/database getDbRelationalInstance()
Generic PDO pdo://username:password@pdo_driver?dsn=LITERAL_PDO_DSN getDbRelationalInstance()
$conn = \ByJG\AnyDataset\Db\Factory::getDbRelationalInstance("mysql://root:[email protected]/myschema");


Basic Query

$dbDriver = \ByJG\AnyDataset\Db\Factory::getDbRelationalInstance('mysql://username:password@host/database');
$iterator = $dbDriver->getIterator('select * from table where field = :param', ['param' => 'value']);
foreach ($iterator as $row) {
    // Do Something
    // $row->getField('field');

Updating in Relational databases

$dbDriver = \ByJG\AnyDataset\Db\Factory::getDbRelationalInstance('mysql://username:password@host/database');
    'update table set other = :value where field = :param',
        'value' => 'othervalue',
        'param' => 'value of param'

Inserting and Get Id

$dbDriver = \ByJG\AnyDataset\Db\Factory::getDbRelationalInstance('mysql://username:password@host/database');
$id = $dbDriver->executeAndGetId(
    'insert into table (field1, field2) values (:param1, :param2)',
        'param1' => 'value1',
        'param2' => 'value2'

Database Transaction

$dbDriver = \ByJG\AnyDataset\Db\Factory::getDbRelationalInstance('mysql://username:password@host/database');

// ... Do your queries

$dbDriver->commitTransaction(); // or rollbackTransaction()

Cache results

You can easily cache your results with the DbCached class; You need to add to your project an implementation of PSR-6. We suggested you add "byjg/cache".

$dbDriver = \ByJG\AnyDataset\Db\Factory::getDbRelationalInstance('mysql://username:password@host/database');
$dbCached = new \ByJG\AnyDataset\Db\DbCached(
    $dbDriver,              // The connection string
    $psrCacheEngine,        // Any PSR-6 (Cache) implementation
    30                      // TTL (in seconds)

// Use the DbCached instance instead the DbDriver
$iterator = $dbCached->getIterator('select * from table where field = :param', ['param' => 'value']);

Passing Parameters to PDODriver

You can pass parameter directly to the PDODriver by adding to the connection string a query parameter with the value.


$uri = Uri::getInstanceFromUri("mysql://root:password@localhost")
                ->withQueryKeyValue(PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_COMPRESS, 1);
$db = Factory::getDbRelationalInstance($uri);

Special Parameters

AnyDatasetDB has some special parameters:

Parameter Value Description
DbPdoDriver::STATEMENT_CACHE true If this parameter is set with "true", anydataset will cache the last prepared queries.
DbPdoDriver::DONT_PARSE_PARAM any value Is this parameter is set with any value, anydataset won't try to parse the SQL to find the values to bind the parameters.


$uri = Uri::getInstanceFromString("sqlite://" . $this->host)
    ->withQueryKeyValue(DbPdoDriver::STATEMENT_CACHE, "true")
    ->withQueryKeyValue(DbPdoDriver::DONT_PARSE_PARAM, "");

Load balance and connection pooling

The API have support for connection load balancing, connection pooling and persistent connection.

There is the Route class an DbDriverInterface implementation with route capabilities. Basically you have to define the routes and the system will choose the proper DbDriver based on your route definition.


$dbDriver = new \ByJG\AnyDataset\Db\Route();

// Define the available connections (even different databases)
    ->addDbDriverInterface('route1', 'sqlite:///tmp/a.db')
    ->addDbDriverInterface('route2', 'sqlite:///tmp/b.db')
    ->addDbDriverInterface('route3', 'sqlite:///tmp/c.db')

// Define the route
    ->addRouteForRead('route2', 'mytable')

// Query the database
$iterator = $dbDriver->getIterator('select * from mytable'); // Will select route2
$iterator = $dbDriver->getIterator('select * from othertable'); // Will select route3
$dbDriver->execute('insert into table (a) values (1)'); // Will select route1;

The possible route types are:

  • addRouteForWrite($routeName, $table = null): Filter any insert, update and delete. Optional specific table;
  • addRouteForRead($routeName, $table = null): Filter any select. Optional specific table;
  • addRouteForInsert($routeName, $table = null): Filter any insert. Optional specific table;
  • addRouteForDelete($routeName, $table = null): Filter any delete. Optional specific table;
  • addRouteForUpdate($routeName, $table = null): Filter any update. Optional specific table;
  • addRouteForFilter($routeName, $field, $value): Filter any WHERE clause based on FIELD = VALUE
  • addCustomRoute($routeName, $regEx): Filter by a custom regular expression.

Connecting To MySQL via SSL

Read here about create SSL mysql

$sslCa = "/path/to/ca";
$sslKey = "/path/to/Key";
$sslCert = "/path/to/cert";
$sslCaPath = "/path";
$sslCipher = "DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA:AES128-SHA";
$verifySsl = 'false';  // or 'true'. Since PHP 7.1.

$db = \ByJG\AnyDataset\Db\Factory::getDbRelationalInstance(

$iterator = $db->getIterator('select * from table where field = :value', ['value' => 10]);
foreach ($iterator as $row) {
    // Do Something
    // $row->getField('field');

Using IteratorFilter in order to get the SQL

You can use the IteratorFilter object to make easier create SQL

// Create the IteratorFilter instance
$filter = new \ByJG\AnyDataset\Core\IteratorFilter();
$filter->addRelation('field', \ByJG\AnyDataset\Enum\Relation::EQUAL, 10);

// Generate the SQL
$param = [];
$formatter = new \ByJG\AnyDataset\Db\IteratorFilterSqlFormatter();
$sql = $formatter->format(
    'field1, field2'

// Execute the Query
$iterator = $db->getIterator($sql, $param);

Using IteratorFilter with Literal values

Sometimes you need an argument as a Literal value like a function or an explicit conversion.

In this case you have to create a class that expose the "__toString()" method


// The class with the "__toString()" exposed
class MyLiteral
    public function __toString() {
        return "cast('10' as integer)";

// Create the literal instance
$literal = new MyLiteral();

// Using the IteratorFilter:
$filter = new \ByJG\AnyDataset\Core\IteratorFilter();
$filter->addRelation('field', \ByJG\AnyDataset\Core\Enum\Relation::EQUAL, $literal);

Helper - DbFunctions

AnyDataset has a helper ByJG\AnyDataset\Db\DbFunctionsInterface that can be adjustable for each Database connection you have. It helps to do specific iteraction like:

  • concat($str1, $str2 = null);
  • limit($sql, $start, $qty);
  • top($sql, $qty);
  • hasTop();
  • hasLimit();
  • sqlDate($format, $column = null);
  • toDate($date, $dateFormat);
  • fromDate($date, $dateFormat);
  • executeAndGetInsertedId(DbDriverInterface $dbdataset, $sql, $param);
  • delimiterField($field);
  • delimiterTable($table);
  • forUpdate($sql);
  • hasForUpdate();

It is useful when you are working with different and don't want to hard code the information there. E.g.

$dbDriver = \ByJG\AnyDataset\Db\Factory::getDbRelationalInstance('...connection string...');
$dbHelper = $dbDriver->getDbHelper();

// This will return the proper SQL with the TOP 10
// based on the current connection
$sql = $dbHelper->top("select * from foo", 10);

// This will return the proper concatenation operation
// based on the current connection
$concat = $dbHelper->concat("'This is '", "field1", "'concatenated'");

// This will return the proper function to format a date field
// based on the current connection
// These are the formats availables:
// Y => 4 digits year (e.g. 2022)
// y => 2 digits year (e.g. 22)
// M => Month fullname (e.g. January)
// m => Month with leading zero (e.g. 01)
// Q => Quarter
// q => Quarter with leading zero
// D => Day with leading zero (e.g. 01)
// d => Day (e.g. 1)
// h => Hour 12 hours format (e.g. 11)
// H => Hour 24 hours format (e.g. 23)
// i => Minute leading zero
// s => Seconds leading zero
// a => a/p
// A => AM/PM
$date = $dbHelper->sqlDate("d-m-Y H:i", "some_field_date");
$date2 = $dbHelper->sqlDate(DbBaseFunctions::DMYH, "some_field_date"); // Same as above

// This will return the fields with proper field delimiter
// based on the current connection

FreeDTS / DBlib Date format Issues

Date has the format "Jul 27 2016 22:00:00.860". The solution is:

Follow the solution:

Generic PDO configuration

The generic PDO driver uses the format pdo://username:password@pdo_driver?dsn=<LITERAL PDO DSN> and only need to be used for drivers are not mapped into the anydataset-db library.

Let's say we want to connect with the PDO Interbase/Firebase database. After install the PDO properly we need to create the connection string URI.

According to the Firebase documentation the PDO DSN is:


and adapting to URI style we remove the information about the driver, user and password. Then we have:

$uri = new \ByJG\Util\Uri("pdo://john:mypass@firebird?dsn=" . url_encode('Database=DATABASE.GDE;DataSource=localhost;Port=3050'));

Don't forget we need to url_encode the DSN parameter.


Just type:

composer require "byjg/anydataset=4.0.*"

Running Unit tests


Running database tests

Run integration tests require you to have the databases up and running. We provided a basic docker-compose.yml and you can use to start the databases for test.

unning the databases

docker-compose up -d postgres mysql

Run the tests

phpunit testsdb/PdoMySqlTest.php 
phpunit testsdb/PdoSqliteTest.php 
phpunit testsdb/PdoPostgresTest.php 
phpunit testsdb/PdoDblibTest.php 

Optionally you can set the host and password used by the unit tests

export MYSQL_TEST_HOST=localhost     # defaults to localhost
export MYSQL_PASSWORD=newpassword    # use '.' if want have a null password
export PSQL_TEST_HOST=localhost      # defaults to localhost
export PSQL_PASSWORD=newpassword     # use '.' if want have a null password
export MSSQL_TEST_HOST=localhost     # defaults to localhost
export MSSQL_PASSWORD=Pa55word            
export SQLITE_TEST_HOST=/tmp/test.db      # defaults to /tmp/test.db

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